Everywhere in the world women live longer than men – but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn’t live longer than men in the 19th century. What is the reason women live longer than men, and why does this benefit increase over time? There isn’t much evidence and we have only incomplete answers. We know that biological, behavioral and environmental factors all contribute to the fact that women have longer lives than men, however, we do not know what the contribution of each one of these factors is.
It is known that women live longer than males, regardless of weight. But this is not because of certain non-biological aspects have changed. What are these factors that have changed? Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Other are more complicated. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women’s longevity disproportionately.
Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. We can see that all countries are above the line of parity diagonally. This implies that a baby girl in all countries can expect to live longer than her older brother.
The chart below shows that even though women enjoy an advantage everywhere, cross-country differences can be substantial. In Russia women are 10 years older than men, while in Bhutan the gap is less than half an hour.
In wealthy countries, the women’s advantage in longevity was not as great.
Let’s look at the way that female advantages in terms of longevity has changed over time. The next chart compares the life expectancy of males and females when they were born in the US from 1790 to 2014. Two points stand افضل شامب& ¢éÍÁÙÅà¾ÔèÁàµÔÁ:: I Check out my web site; افضل شامبو وبلسم (simply click the next website).
The first is that there is an upward trend. and women in the US live a lot, much longer today than a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.
The gap is widening: While the female advantage in life expectancy was quite small, it has increased substantially over time.
You can confirm that the points you’ve listed are applicable to other countries that have information by clicking on the “Change country” option in the chart. This includes the UK, France, and Sweden.